The foods that increase uric acid are, generally, wealthy in proteins and it is through the metabolism of protein that this compound increases in the blood.
There are foods that increase the uric acid and other natural forms of the raise in the body. The normal value of blood uric acid (uricemia) is approximately 5 mg/dl, however, there are situations in which the levels are high.
Uric acid is a residual product of natural digestion of foods that contain proteins, that form a substance called purine. The purines are found in high quantities in some foods such as meats, sardines, beans, and beer.
Normally the uric acid does not cause any health problem being eliminated by the kidneys but, when in excess, the uric acid accumulates in the joints, tendons and kidneys under the form of urate crystals.
In these cases, called hyperuricemia, it is necessary to follow-up medical care and nutrition to avoid the development of diseases such as gout, arthritis, kidney stones and cardiovascular disease.
REASONS THAT LEAD TO INCREASED URIC ACID LEVELS
Uric acid levels increase primarily due to one of these three reasons:
- Higher intake of purines;
- Increased production of uric acid by the body;
- Decreased excretion of acids úricos in the urine.
It is evident that food plays an important role in raising the level of uric acid, for this reason we will give them to know then.
THE MAIN FOODS THAT INCREASE THE URIC ACID
- ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES
The metabolism of ethanol (alcohol) means that there is a smaller urinary excretion of uric acid, which consequently causes its levels in the blood increase.
This effect is greater with the consumption of beer than with wine consumption, because the own beer contains a large amount of purine which boost even more the effect of alcohol.
As it is less likely that the wine increase the levels of uric acid, is the best drink that contains alcohol to a person with hyperuricemia.
2. SAUCES AND BROTHS, MEAT
The sauces and broths of meat, still too consumed in the day-to-day by many people, has a high amount of purines and therefore should be avoided as they can raise quite the levels of uric acid.
But it’s not just the people with hyperuricemia should avoid these foods that increase the uric acid. Should also not get a healthy diet in that they often have high amounts of salt.
The viscera, as the liver, the brain, the moelas, and the kidneys, are particularly rich in purines, being the greater your amount when they are cooked.
Thus the consumption of viscera should be very limited for those who have high levels of uric acid, so as to avoid problems such as gout.
4. SHELLFISH (MOLLUSCS AND CRUSTACEANS)
Certain types of seafood and shellfish are rich in purines, and therefore foods which increase the uric acid.
Within this group of foods are mussels, scallops, cuttlefish, shrimp and lobster. Are avoid particularly the mussels and cuttle fish.
5. MEAT AND FISH
Meat and fish generally contain quantities of moderate-to-high, purines.
Although these foods are sources of protein, their consumption should be moderate, especially the meat of young (veal, suckling pig) and fish species such as sardine and anchovy, as they have high in purines.
Within the group of the meats, the chicken is the one that contains the smallest amount of purines.
6. FOODS RICH IN FAT
Foods rich in fat are also foods that increase the uric acid, this is because it is believed that the fats interfere with the proper functioning of the kidneys in removal of excess uric acid in the blood.
In this group belong to some foods such as fried foods, gravies, rich in oil, cream and fat milk.
MESSAGES TO RETAIN…
The excess uric acid can be reversed, because their imbalances can be controlled through a balanced diet, rich in water and low in foods that increase the uric acid, such as those that we evidence in this article.
In some cases, when there are the symptoms are very intense and are slow to disappear, it should be made a consultation with a doctor, to indicate the best course of treatment.